Excerpts related to AIR ....
Growth of Network and Coverage
All India Radio, since independence, has become one of the largest broadcasting networks in the world. At the time of independence there were six radio stations and 18 transmitters (6 MW and 12 SW), which covered 11% population and 2.5 % area of the country.
As on date there are 233 AIR stations and a network of 375 transmitters (149 MW, 54 SW and 172 FM) which provide coverage to 99.16 % of the population spread over 91.82 % area of the country.
Activities undertaken during the year
(i) New station with 5 KW FM Transmitter has been commissioned at Oras (Sindhudurganagary) in Maharashtra.
New Stations are also ready at :
Rairangpur (Orissa)- 1 KW FM Tr
Longtherai (Tripura)- 1 KW FM Tr.(Interim set up for 5 KW FM Tr.),
Suryapet (Andhra Pradesh)-1 KW FM Tr. (Interim set up for 10 KW FM Tr.),
Dungarpur (Rajasthan)- 1 KW MW Tr.
Dharmanagar (Tripura)-1 KW MW. Tr.
(ii) Digitalization of AIR Network is one of the major thrust areas of 11th Plan. This includes Digitalisation of Programme Production Facilities, Transmission Facilities and Connectivity.
(iii) During the year Computer Hard Disc Based recording, editing and playback systems have been provided at 69 more stations in addition to the 76 AIR stations already provided.
Procurement of Hard Disc Based Systems with provision for High-end Servers with centralized storage and software for 48 major stations of All India
Radio is also currently in
progress. 564 workstations and sound cards have been procured and procurement of High-end Servers for these workstations is in progress.
Special Package for J&K
(i) Phase-I of Special Package for expansion and improvement of AIR services in J&K has been implemented. There are now 16 AIR Stations and 25 Transmitters (MW 14, FM 8, SW 3) in J&K. 99.52% of State's population is now covered by radio signals.
(ii) Phase-II scheme has been approved to provide additional diesel generators and UPS for the existing stations of AIR to further strengthen the Captive power supply. This will help in ensuring continuity of broadcast service during power supply failures and also during emergency or natural calamity.15 KVA (9 Nos.) DG sets, 62.5 KVA (6 Nos.) DG sets have already been procured and installed. SITC work (Supply, Installation, Testing and Commissioning) for 7 UPS and SITC Work for 2 DG Sets of 1000 KVA at Jammu have been awarded. Price bids for 1000 KVA DG set at Narbal, Srinagar and two 500 KVA DG sets for Pampore, Srinagar are under process..
(iii) Phase-III, a special scheme amounting to Rs. 100 crores of J&K Special Package is under process for further improvement of FM and TV coverage in the J&K border areas. This includes three FM/TV High Power Transmitters to be set up at hilltops and one FM/TV Transmitter proposed to be set up at existing AIR and DD Centers. In addition to this, Low Power Transmitters have also been proposed in uncovered regions.
Phase-II of North East Special Package
Special Package for expansion and improvement of AIR services in North East and Island Territories is under implementation. The package includes:
(i) 1 KW FM stations – 19 Nos.
1. Arunachal Pradesh : Anini,Bomdila, Changlang, Daporjio, Khonsa
2. Assam : Karimganj, Lumding, Goalpara
3. Manipur : Ukhrul, Tamenglomg
4. Meghalaya : Dawki
5. Mizoram : Tuipang, Chemphai, Kolasib
6. Nagaland : Wokha, Zunheboto, Phek
7. Tripura : Udaipur, Nutan Bazar
• New sites are to be acquired for setting up 19 new FM Stations.
Offer of sites and demand notes by the State Governments are under process. 15 sites have been finalized including five finalized during the current year.
• 14 sites have been taken over and taking over one site is expected to materialize shortly.
Four sites at Anini (Arunachal Pradesh), Tamenglong (Manipur), Ukhrul (Manipur) and Zunheboto (Nagaland) are in the process of being finalized.
• Civil works - Construction of security fencing at Udayapur and Nutan Bazar is complete and is in progress at Goalpara, Lumding, Daporijo, Bomdila, Changlang, Tuipang, Champhai, and Kolasib.
• Building works have been awarded at Goalpara, Tuipang, and Kolasib and tender action is under process to award the work at Daporijo, Nutan Bazar and Udayapur. Estimates for Building at Champhai and Khonsa are under process.
(ii) Silchar-5 KW FM Tr. and Gangtok – 10 KW FM Transmitter.
• Civil works for the FM transmitter at Silchar and Gangtok are complete.
• Purchase proposal for 5 KW FM transmitters at Silchar is under process.
• Procurement of Gangtok 10 KW FM Tr. has got delayed due to litigation.
(iii) 100 W FM relay centres at 100 places -
Installation has been completed at 77 places and is in progress at another 12 places. For the remaining 11 places (7 in Mizoram and 4 in Manipur), matter is being pursued with the State Governments to finalize the installation sites. In Manipur there is law and order problem.
(iv) Chinsurah -1000 KW MW Tr.(Replacement of existing 1000 KW MW Tr.). Advance AT for Tr. has been placed..
(v) Kavaratti- 10 KW MW Transmitter (Repl of 1 KW MW) – Purchase proposal for transmitter is under process.
(vi) Digital Satellite News Gathering Systems /MSS terminals – Procurement of the equipments is under process.
(vii) It may be mentioned that in order to quicken the pace of execution of projects in Northeast, the zonal office at Guwahati needs to be strengthened in terms of manpower, permanent office building and staff quarters. Therefore, a proposal to provide permanent office accommodation and Staff Quarters for NE Zone at Guwahati is under process. Computerization of AIR stations and offices is in progress to facilitate online exchange of information and improvement of efficiency.
Permanent studio facilities equipped with digital equipment and computerized Hard Disc Work Stations for recording, dubbing, editing and playback are being provided at Jaipur (Rajasthan) and Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh).
All India Radio has laid thrust on providing good digital quality signal by adopting new technologies. Main thrust areas of 11th Plan are given below:
• To provide digital quality signal.
• To provide listeners multiple choice of programmes.
• Expansion of VHF/FM coverage to 54% of population.
• To strengthen radio coverage in the border areas.
• To strengthen existing External Radio Services.
• Introduction of multi-media services and Value Added Services.
Research & Development
The Research Department is engaged in research and development work for incorporating state-of-art technology in radio and television broadcasting. It is a premier national R&D institute involved in broadcast engineering. Following activities were undertaken during the year.
(i) Telemetry System for Medium Wave Transmitters
(ii) Propagation Studies and Investigation
(iii) Acoustic Test Measurements
(iv) Departmental Acoustical Measurement of AIR Leh, J&K
(v) Experiment Digital Radio Transmission (DRM)
(vi) FM-DARC Billboard Application
(vii) Telemetry System for FM Transmitters
(viii) Multilingual News Automation System for Regional News Units of All India Radio
(ix) Prototype Units